Institutions are public bodies generated by intensive relations between peoples and aimed at effective social actions. They have always had great influence on progress and any type of cooperation. Instability and fragility which characterize many present-day institutions make us think of their nature and future: should we continue to rely on the institutions, and, if so, which institution might be of greater importance in the face of rising challenges.
In terms of mainstream politics, institutions might be considered as a fundamental element of a comprehensive model of democracy, which got universal and which most countries are following to and aiming at. The idea of being democratic today means having a specific range of institutions that embody such notions as elections, political representativeness, human rights, rule of law, etc.
In the international relations for centuries institutions have been a kind of target landmarks – crucially important frameworks which enable to act collectively, to formulate some common values and to create possible attitudes to the emerging world order. Without institutions these topics would not be on the agenda. Such trends may be observed in longer history, for instance, the Hanseatic League or global actors of the present day. The Peace of Westphalia, the Congress of Vienna or the Yalta agreements were followed by corresponding institutionalization.